Think you have already a hand power drill machine then why you need a drill press?
Keep reading and you will get answer.
A drill press (pillar drill, bench drill or pedestal drill), is a fixed type of drill that is bolted to the floor or bench or mounted on a stand.
The press can be used for doing it yourself projects, construction, metal-working or wood-working operations in the typical home workshop. Tool versatility (regarding material) and automation are probably why you need a drill press.
Feature and Construction
Conventional drill presses consist of the head, table, column and base. The base is the support structure which usually has pre-drilled holes for bolting to the stand and floor or bench.
The steel column holds the table and bench and stays fastened to the. The table is clamped to the column along which it moves between the head and base.
The table may have slots to aid in clamping fixtures (such as vices) or work pieces.
The head designates the entire mechanism of operation to the upper section of the column.
It’s essential part is the vertical position spindle which revolves and is housed in (bearings at either end of) a movable sleeve known as the quill.
Features to Look for When Buying a Home workshop Drill Press
The solid construction of the entire drill press goes a long way in allowing for precision work and a longer life span.
A flat ground table allows for accuracy and a flat surface base for holding large work pieces. The table must also be easily adjusted either up or down, left or right, so as to adapt to different drilling conditions.
A ribbed base and table for maximum rigidity and strength. Other than slots, the table should have ledges or slats on the sides for clamping work pieces.
A cast iron head which must offer excellent protection and support for most essential parts such as the quill, pinion shaft, and motor.
The chuck must be wrench or key tightened rather than by use of hands. It must have inch measurements so as to accommodate various sizes of bits and accessories. Alternatively, a taper-mounted chuck has very minimum run-out, and actual drilling is assured.
An adjustable motor bracket support that is robustly constructed for support yet movable to ensure proper belt tensioning.
Depth adjustment gauges which allow for drilling of multiple holes of the same depth eliminates guess work and maintains precision.
Speed variability using triple pulley arrangement and a variable speed motor.
Availability of spare parts when needed
A well manufactured overall machine with an outstanding quality record and reliability.
Advantages of a Drill Press Over Conventional Hand Drills
- Substantial operator mechanical advantage as less effort is needed.
- Much more secure operations due to availability of clamping fixtures.
- More powerful motors are used thus larger drill bits can be used, and faster drilling is possible.
- Consistent accuracy is maintained since the spindle’s angle is fixed.
Power Tools Buying Guide
Power tools essentially fall into two categories; cordless tools which are battery powered and “mains” powered through a lead.
As a rule of thumb, the cordless types cost more than mains powered tools. Most people will need a combination of the two types and so a power tools buying guide is very helpful.
Your standard power tools break down into the following categories:
- Air Compressor
- Pneumatic tools such as a nail gun
A blend of power tool types is the most efficient way of getting the right tool set. For most household management and DIY needs, the following list is a good balance.
Must Have Power Tools
Here is a video of must have power tools list for your DIY.
1. A good cordless drill and a powered back-up – This will be one of the most frequently used tools with cordless providing usability and convenience. The corded drill will be needed for more industrial type drilling or efficiency if your batteries are flat.
2. Saws come in many types and most people would need a circular saw, a jigsaw and a miter saw (also known as a chop saw) .
3. Air Compressor comes in electric, gas powered, Oil-less, Pancake etc type. If you don’t understand which one is perfect for you then you should read this best air compressor reviews for better understand.
4. A cordless screwdriver will save hours of work.
5. A belt sander is a good option but also consider a detail sander.
6. Grinders come in a number of varieties and a heavy duty disk cutter is needed for jobs such as paving. A hand held grinder will work for small cutting jobs, tiles and metal rods etc.
7. Nail Gun is one of the handiest power tools but it is also a very dangerous tool.
Considerations for Choosing Power Tools
Power tools have variable speed options as well as wattage options. A circular saw for example may be 1000 watts or 1800 watts.
The difference is the higher the wattage, the more powerful the tool is. If you are cutting thick timber frequently then the higher wattage is better.
This is the same with drills and all the other power tools. Think about what you will be regularly using the tool for. Remember also that the higher the wattage the more expensive the tool.
Another great consideration is remembering infrequent heavy duty jobs could be done with a hire tool. This keeps the cost down. In turn, this will allow you to have a broader selection of tools for your budget.
Nail guns come as a pneumatic / gas powered but also battery powered. Battery will not perform as well due to the force needed on larger nails but is more flexible.
5 Important Things to Consider
#1: Wattage equals power – higher wattage for heavy duty work.
#2: Remember that cordless power is related to volts due to the battery. 18 volts is more powerful than 12 volts.
#3: Cordless is often more expensive but more versatile but can be heavier due to the battery.
#4: Cordless is almost always less powerful especially with nail guns and saws.
#5: Speed variables – this is important with drills for example.
The advantage of corded is that you won’t run out of power. With cordless the weakness is battery power runs out. If your budget allows it then get more than one battery for each tool. This allows charging one whilst using the other.
There are tool manufacturers who now create a line of cordless power tools with identical and interchangeable batteries. This option allows you to just have a couple of spares always on charge.
Always consider safety with power tools. A good circuit breaker cuts power in an accident with mains power tools. Safety glasses should be worn. Always use safety switches especially on saws and nail guns.
With differences in technical specifications and built up quality also come the different press drill prices. The price differs from one manufacturer to the other.
Note that like all other products, better design features and parts of the machine as well as better performance and tolerance are an implication of a higher price. This also guarantees a better tool life.