Don’t know how to remove rust from tools? Just take a breath! Me here to help you.
Rust took all of us by surprise.
And even though everyone knows what needs to be done to avoid or remove this, people continue to find a rusty tool when it is so needed.
I propose to stop this and get rid of the rust once and for all.
How? I will tell you now!
I Saw a Brown Coating on the Tools. Is It Rust?
Yes, firstly, it is very important to understand what rust is.
It is different from dirt, rust is eating the tool material and destroying it from the inside. Rust appears due to dampness, humidity, and contact with air.
The parent of rust is iron oxide, which causes a chemical reaction, the result of which is rust. Iron oxide is activated when there are oxygen and water. So, moisture causes rust to appear on the tools.
Does it depend on the frequency of cleaning? In a sense, yes.
Dirty tools can cause rust, especially if there is a continuous contact with air.
But the main provocateur in the appearance of rust is the time. Some dirty tools may not get rusted, but old tools get it exactly. Your precious home improvement tools e.g. drill machine, ratchet wrench, drilling bits, taps and dies, sharpener, screw extractor etc may get rusted any time.
How to Remove Rust From Tools
Despite chemical reactions, it is possible to get rid of rust on tools. It can be done through a huge number of options.
I would divide it into ways to get rid of rust of two kinds: using home remedies and using the means from the store.
So, I’ll allow myself to start with the first and after I go to the second. Go!
Few would like to take an acetic bath, but in the case of rust, it really works.
All you need is distilled vinegar, a jar, and a tool with rust. Pour distilled vinegar into a vessel and put a tool with rust in this jar. Leave this “still life” for the next 24 hours.
During this time, the acidity of the vinegar will fight with rust. All rusty sections will escape from the instrument. But it does not end there.
After 24 hours you need to dry and lubricate the tool to exclude rust from the most secluded corners. A lot of paper towels, toothbrushes will help you clean and dry the instrument thoroughly.
The tool must be very dry because then you need to apply an anti-corrosion oil, which in no case should be mixed with water.
Why does this help?
Because rust (or iron oxide) reacts with vinegar and many other acids.
Mask of Lemon and Salt
Instead of vinegar, you can use lemon and salt, which takes much less time only to rid the tool of rust.
First, you need to sprinkle the rusty area of the instrument with salt. The salt should completely cover the rusty tool.
Then you need to put a little lemon juice on the salt. In general, no terrible chemical reactions will occur, so you can pour as much juice as you want.
Rusty tools should be held in this mask for 2 to 3 hours for complete rejuvenation. After this time, the tool must be dried.
Many use lime peels because it is very durable and does not damage the metal.
A Paste of Baking Soda
Soda has unique properties and can clean absolutely everything – from rust to the whiteness of teeth.
To get an anti-rust effect from soda, you need to mix the soda with water until a medium consistency is obtained.
The resulting paste should be spread over the metal. Give it a few hours to dry and then clean it.
Potato Starch and Soap
A strange combination? More than that, but it helps to get rid of rust.
You need to cut the potatoes in half and cover one end in the soap for washing dishes. So, you create a chemical reaction that is deadly for rust.
Just take the potatoes and sodium abundantly with these rusty tools and leave it so for a few hours.
I know many people who replace soap with baking soda and water, where the potatoes are dipped.
It is worth starting with the fact that oxalic acid is not a children’s game, but a very dangerous substance.
That is why before taking on rust removal with oxalic acid, rubber gloves, goggles, and protective clothing should be worn.
Next to oxalic acid, do not smoke and inhale acid.
And only then, when you consider all the precautions, you can start purification.
To begin with, wash the rusty tool in running water and thoroughly dry it even in the most inaccessible places.
While the tool is being dried, mix 25 ml (or 5 teaspoons) of oxalic acid with 250 ml (one glass) of warm water.
Place the rusty tool in this infernal mixture for 20 minutes, then clean with a cloth or brush. Then wash it again and dry it.
A Special Remedy for the Removal of Chemicals
You can find such a remedy for the removal of chemicals in any retail store. In the case of rust, you can use any type of similar tools – all this will work.
Such products contain phosphoric or oxalic acid and are dangerous to the skin. So, you have to protect your hands, body, and eyes with protective clothing, glasses, and gloves.
The use of these tools may vary depending on the type of product. It is better to read the instructions for use on the product packaging.
As a rule, such chemicals require time for thorough cleaning.
You Can Transform Rust
There are rust converters that stop the growth of rust. Such converters are like sprayers and act as a primer for metal.
Converters do work and prevent the further spread of rust, but to fully remove rust from metal this may not be enough.
Use Abrasive Tools
A screwdriver or other similar tools can help you to clean rust from the tool.
You can use sandpaper or an electric grinder that effectively removes even large rust.
When using such tools, you need to start with the coarsest compartments and gradually move on to smaller spaces. Why? Because this will allow you to minimize the roughness of the metal.
In general, you can use any metal tool to neutralize scratches from metal.
Citric acid is another powerful acid that can be very effective in removing rust. Citric acid, as a rule, is sold in shops in the form of a powder (search in departments for a batch).
Take citric acid powder in a plastic jar and fill with hot water. You will see bubbles appearing and it means that the mixture works.
Rinse the rusty tool for the night or for 12 hours, and then wash and thoroughly dry.
What about Tools with Diesel Fuel?
A liter of diesel can work wonders with rusty tools turning them into an example of purity.
Speaking of diesel I literally mean diesel fuel and not a fuel additive.
All you need to do is pour diesel into the bank and put a rusty tool there. It will be better if the tool will take diesel baths throughout the day.
After you see the result, get no longer a rusty tool, and clean it with a brass brush and an old rag.
Okay, but if everything is clear with how to get rid of rust, then how to prevent rust and is it possible?
Yes, it is possible and quite simple. All you need to do is keep the metal tools dry.
Moisture and air cause metal tools to oxidize and get rust.
To prevent it, hold the metal tool in a cool, dry place, for example, in a closed box.
But if contact with water could not be prevented, then carefully dry the tool, and remove it.